Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disease with high blood sugar levels, which creates an increased risk of cardiovascular and other diseases. There are many misconceptions associated with the prevalence of this disease among different segments of the population.
The first misconception:
Diabetes mellitus can develop if you eat a lot of sweets.
Diabetes mellitus does not always develop only from the consumption of large amounts of sweets. You may be at risk if you are overweight, do not lead an active lifestyle, and have relatives with diabetes.
If there are relatives with diabetes in adulthood, then you too can get diabetes.
The role of heredity in type 2 diabetes is high. With a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition and weight control, the likelihood of developing diabetes will be low.
The third misconception:
If you do not consume carbohydrates, then blood sugar will be normal.
Glucose is a source of energy for our body. Eating carbohydrates is compulsory, but not too many. Only the use of easily digestible carbohydrates (sugary drinks, sugar, confectionery) is prohibited. Eating slow carbohydrates is mandatory, but in a rational amount.
The fourth misconception:
Alcohol lowers the amount of sugar in the blood and will be beneficial when the sugar is high.
Blood sugar decreases from alcohol due to the fact that the flow of carbohydrates from the liver into the blood is blocked. When glucose from the liver ceases to enter the bloodstream, and the body takes over the consumption of glucose from food, the sugar level will begin to fall and hypoglycemia may develop.
The fifth misconception:
Pregnancy with diabetes is contraindicated.
Pregnancy is not contraindicated if you follow the rules of nutrition, maintain normal blood sugar levels, and consult a specialist.
With diabetes, exercise should be avoided.
In the presence of beneficial physical activity in a diabetic patient, the muscles become more sensitive to the action of insulin, begin to more actively absorb glucose from the blood, thereby stabilizing its content in the blood. Diabetes patients involved in sports should monitor their blood sugar levels.
The seventh misconception:
It is safe to have type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus of any type is a serious endocrine disease, it does not progress as quickly as the first, but the development of complications of varying severity does not decrease if you do not follow the recommendations of the attending physician and refuse medications.
Sweet, containing fructose is allowed to eat as much as necessary.
Fructose tends to be absorbed more slowly than sugar, but increases blood sugar levels in the same way. The flour in the dough increases blood sugar. Sweet with fructose is safe in moderation.
Misconception # 9:
Diabetes is a mandatory amputation and disability.
A large number of cases of polyneuropathy, strokes and complications associated with diabetes were actually present before, when medicine was not so developed. Modern methods of treatment seriously reduce the risk of complications and rarely lead to amputation, if a person follows all the recommendations of the attending physician, his health will be under control.